Sigmund Jähn, a cosmonaut and pilot, was the first German to fly in space on August 26, 1978.
Jähn studied at the Gagarin Air Force Academy in the Soviet Union in the 1960s while serving as a veteran pilot for the East German Air Force.
He and another German pilot were chosen to participate in the Interkosmos programme in 1976.
Jähn travelled to the Salyut 6 with three other Soviet cosmonauts on the Soyuz 31 mission.
where he used a brand-new multispectral camera to take pictures of the Earth.
He also carried out research in physics, biology, and materials science.
He safely landed back on Earth after nearly eight days in space.