Nintendo did not start out as a video game business. Fusajiro Yamauchi established Nintendo back in 1889. Hanafuda, a card game, was played as their first activity.
Later on (1964 Tokyo Olympics), Nintendo started to lose a lot of money on the sales of its playing cards. They then turned to toys.
Despite having a few popular toys, they weren't doing well financially.
Nintendo then created a video game called EVR Race in 1975. It was a modest success.
Donkey Kong was their subsequent game, and we all know what happened after that.
On October 18, 1985, the Family Computer, or Famicom, was initially made available in North America.
In late 1986, the NES was released in Europe and Australia and distributed by a number of independent businesses.